Double Materiality Assessment - All you need to know

Double Materiality Assessment (DMA) helps identify risks a company might face due to environmental or social issues and their impacts on the environment and society.

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Double Materiality Assessment (DMA) is a rapidly evolving concept in the world of corporate sustainability and risk management. It is becoming an increasingly important tool for investors, regulators, and companies to understand and manage both financial and non-financial risks. It aids in understanding how a company's operations impact the society and environment and how these factors, in turn, affect the company's financial performance. This dual perspective allows for a more thorough risk assessment, which is particularly beneficial in the context of sustainable investing.

What is Double Materiality Assessment?

The concept of DMA originated from the European Union’s Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD). It is an approach to evaluate the impact of a company on the environment and society, and vice versa. The "double" in DMA refers to these two aspects: the impact of environmental and social issues on a company's financial performance (outside-in perspective) and the impact of a company's activities on the environment and society (inside-out perspective). Essentially, it helps to identify both the risks a company might face due to environmental or social issues, and the potential impacts of its operations on the environment and society.

Who are the stakeholders?

In the process of conducting a Double Materiality Assessment, several key stakeholders should be involved. This includes the company's senior management, risk management team, sustainability officers, and other relevant operational staff who have a thorough understanding of the company's activities and their potential impacts. Additionally, it's beneficial to include external stakeholders such as investors, regulators, and representatives from the communities in which the company operates. Their perspective can provide valuable insights into the potential environmental and societal impacts of the company's operations.

Conducting a Double Materiality Assessment

1. Define Scope and Boundaries:

  • Clearly define the scope of assessment, including the organizational boundaries. Consider the entire value chain, including suppliers, partners, and distribution channels.
  • Identify the relevant ESG issues and their potential impacts on the organization.

2. Engage with Stakeholders:

  • List and categorize internal and external stakeholders. Internal stakeholders may include employees and management, while external stakeholders could be customers, investors, regulators, and communities.
  • Engage with stakeholders through surveys, focus group discussions or interviews to understand their perspectives on ESG issues.

3. Impact Materiality Assessment:

  • Identify the key risks and opportunities associated with environment, society, and governance issues relevant to the organization and its stakeholders.
  • Evaluate and prioritize ESG issues based on factors such as severity, likelihood, and significance to the organization.
  • Consider the organization's operational activities, supply chain, and relationships with stakeholders.

4. Financial Materiality Assessment:

  • Conduct a comprehensive analysis of the potential impact of these issues on the organization’s financial performance through a group discussion or workshop.
  • Assess risks and opportunities on the basis of likelihood, potential benefit or loss to the organization and across different time horizons.
  • Involve internal and external stakeholders with strategic, finance and risk acumen.

5. Double Materiality Matrix:

  • Develop a materiality matrix that combines the results of both material and financial assessments.
  • Plot the identified ESG issues on the matrix, considering their significance to the organization and stakeholders.

6. Integration into Strategy:

  • Based on the materiality matrix, prioritize the identified issues. Focus on those that have both high material and financial significance.
  • Integrate the prioritized material issues into the organization's overall business strategy.
  • Align sustainability goals with the broader objectives of the company.

7. Monitoring and Reporting:

  • Implement a monitoring system to track progress on addressing material issues.
  • Regularly report on sustainability performance, both internally and externally, to demonstrate accountability and transparency.

Significance of Double Materiality

1. Enhanced Risk Management:

By considering both internal and external materiality, organizations can identify and mitigate risks more comprehensively. This proactive approach allows businesses to adapt to changing regulatory landscapes and societal expectations.

2. Improved Stakeholder Engagement:

Understanding external materiality helps organizations engage with stakeholders more effectively. By addressing broader societal concerns, companies can build trust and credibility, leading to stronger relationships with customers, investors, and communities.

3. Long-Term Resilience:

Incorporating double materiality into sustainability strategies contributes to long-term resilience. Businesses can better anticipate and adapt to external shocks, regulatory changes, and emerging trends, ensuring their sustainability efforts remain relevant over time.

4. Strategic Decision-Making:

Double materiality assessment informs strategic decision-making by providing a holistic view of sustainability risks and opportunities. This enables organizations to align their business strategies with the broader goals of society, contributing to a more sustainable and inclusive future.


In a world where the interconnection between businesses and the broader environment is undeniable, adopting a double materiality approach is a strategic imperative. By embracing both internal and external materiality considerations, organizations can navigate the complexities of sustainability more effectively, ensuring they not only minimize their negative impacts but also thrive in a rapidly changing global landscape. Double materiality assessment is not just a crucial tool for risk management; it is a pathway to resilience, innovation, and a more sustainable future for businesses and society alike.

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